City kids more susceptible to food allergies than rural counterparts

   Jun 8, 4:24 pm

Washington, June 8 (ANI): A new study involving an Indian origin scientist has revealed that children living in urban centers have a much higher prevalence of food allergies than those living in rural areas.

In particular, kids in big cities are more than twice as likely to have peanut and shellfish allergies compared to rural communities.

"We have found for the first time that higher population density corresponds with a greater likelihood of food allergies in children," said lead author Ruchi Gupta, M.D., an assistant professor of pediatrics at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and a physician at the Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago (formerly Children's Memorial).

"This shows that environment has an impact on developing food allergies. Similar trends have been seen for related conditions like asthma. The big question is - what in the environment is triggering them? A better understanding of environmental factors will help us with prevention efforts," she noted.

Gupta, also a researcher at the Institute for Healthcare Studies at the Feinberg School, said some of her future research will focus on trying to identify the environmental causes.

The study included 38,465 children, 18 years and under, who comprised a representative sample of U.S. households. Their food allergies were mapped by ZIP code.

It found that in urban centers, 9.8 percent of children have food allergies, compared to 6.2 percent in rural communities, almost a 3.5 percent difference.

Peanut allergies are twice as prevalent in urban centers as in rural communities, with 2.8 percent of children having the allergy in urban centers compared to 1.3 percent in rural communities.

Shellfish allergies are more than double the prevalence in urban versus rural areas; 2.4 percent of children have shellfish allergies in urban centers compared to 0.8 percent in rural communities.

Food allergies are equally severe regardless of where a child lives, the study found. Nearly 40 percent of food-allergic children in the study had already experienced a severe, life-threatening reaction to food.

The states with the highest overall prevalence of food allergies are Nevada, Florida, Georgia, Alaska, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland and the District of Columbia.

The study controlled for household income, race, ethnicity, gender and age. It tracked food allergy prevalence in urban centers, metropolitan cities, urban outskirts, suburban areas, small towns and rural areas.

The study will be published in the July issue of Clinical Pediatrics. (ANI)

High-intensity workouts work better against diabetes than lower counterparts Mar 3, 2:57 pm
Washington, Mar 3 (ANI): As per a new study, both low intensity and high intensity workouts are effective for weight loss, but higher intensity workouts may do a better job of decreasing blood sugar levels.
Full Story
Easy-to-obtain 'oral swab' samples can be game changer for TB control Mar 3, 2:16 pm
Washington, Mar 3 (ANI): A team of researchers has developed new approach to diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) with easy-to-obtain oral swab samples.
Full Story
Many 60-65-yr-old women may still have 'troublesome' hot flashes Mar 3, 1:40 pm
Washington, Mar 3 (ANI): As per a new study, some 40 percent of women 60 to 65 years old still have hot flashes, out of which many have occasional and mild ones, but for some, they remain really troublesome.
Full Story
India's first Centre for Excellence in Robotics opened in Kochi Mar 3, 12:52 pm
Kochi (Kerala), Mar.3 (ANI): Asia-Pacific's first Centre for Excellence in Robotics in medical sector was formally opened by Kerala Chief Minister Oomen Chandy on Monday.
Full Story
Comments

LATEST STORIES
TOP VIDEO STORIES
PHOTO GALLERY