Bacteria in gut 'play role in irritable bowel syndrome'

   May 27, 6:42 pm

Washington, May 27 (ANI): A new study has definitively linked an overgrowth of bacteria in the gut to the Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).

This is the first study to use this "gold standard" method of connecting bacteria to the cause of the disease that affects an estimated number of 30 million people in the United States.

Earlier studies have indicated that bacteria play a role in the disease, including breath tests detecting methane - a byproduct of bacterial fermentation in the gut. This study was the first to make the link using bacterial cultures.

Cedars-Sinai physician examined samples of patients' small bowel cultures to confirm the presence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth - or SIBO - in more than 320 subjects.

In patients with IBS, more than a third were also diagnosed with small intestine bacterial overgrowth, in comparison to fewer than 10 percent of those without the disorder.

Out of those with diarrhea-predominant IBS, 60 percent also had bacterial overgrowth.

"While we found compelling evidence in the past that bacterial overgrowth is a contributing cause of IBS, making this link through bacterial cultures is the gold standard of diagnosis," said Mark Pimentel, MD, director of the Cedars-Sinai GI Motility Program and an author of the study.

"This clear evidence of the role bacteria play in the disease underscores our clinical trial findings, which show that antibiotics are a successful treatment for IBS," he said.

Patients with IBS suffer symptoms that can include painful bloating, constipation, diarrhea or an alternating pattern of both.

Many of these patients try to avoid social interactions because they are embarrassed by their symptoms.

Pimentel has led clinical trials that have shown Rifaximin, a targeted antibiotic absorbed only in the gut, is an effective treatment for patients with IBS.

"In the past, treatments for IBS have always focused on trying to alleviate the symptoms," said Pimentel, who first bucked standard medical thought more than a decade ago when he suggested bacteria played a major role in the disease.

"Patients who take Rifaximin experience relief of their symptoms even after they stop taking the medication. This new study confirms what our findings with the antibiotic and our previous studies always led us to believe: Bacteria are key contributors to the cause of IBS ," he said.

This study has been published in Digestive Diseases and Sciences. (ANI)

Testosterone plays minor role in menopausal women's sex lives Nov 23, 6:02 pm
Washington, Nov 23 (ANI): A new study has examined that levels of testosterone play a limited role when it comes to driving menopausal women's interest in sex and sexual function.
Full Story
WHO says Ebola outbreak 'stable' in Guinea Nov 23, 12:59 pm
London, Nov 23 (ANI): The World Health Organization (WHO) has said that the Ebola outbreak is now "stable" in Guinea where the crisis began.
Full Story
How stress increases risks of heart attacks, strokes Nov 23, 11:23 am
Washington, Nov 23 (ANI): A new study has provided a deeper insight into how stress increases risks of myocardial infarction (heart attacks.)
Full Story
Keep on running if you want to stay young Nov 21, 2:28 pm
Washington, Nov 21 (ANI): A new study had claimed that if you want to stay young, running may be the best way to do it.
Full Story
Comments

LATEST STORIES
TOP VIDEO STORIES
PHOTO GALLERY